Call to share information or insights on whether or how resistant bacterial strains might cause an imbalance in the gut microbiome, leading to inflammation and improper nutrition, or if and how the misuse/overuse of antibiotics could affect the gut microbiome in ways we cannot predict and affect its delicate balance.
This call is based on a study published by the New England Journal of Medicine Article Link and reported on by The New York Times (Gut Microbes Might Keep Malnourished Children From Growing, 22 July 2020). It refers to how combatting child malnutrition may at first seem manageable: providing access to children with a wholesome diet rich in nutrients. However, even when given enough to eat, many children remain stunted.
In the study, researchers recruited over 500 children in Dhaka, Bangladesh from 2016 to 2018, all approximately 18 months old and at a high risk of stunting. Each child was given a nutritious diet. Most children grew, but one-fifth stayed small. An analysis of the gut revealed that their small intestines showed signs of inflammation and the same types of bacteria. This discovery highlights the need for more research into the link between the gut microbiome and malnutrition.